During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. Flechette Rounds During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. These were donated to us by Granite State Guns. Subsequently it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. This product will ship separately from the rest of your order. [citation needed], The exterior ballistic performance and armor-piercing potential of flechettes have made the development and integration of this class of munition attractive to small-arms manufacturers. 15 watching. This article is about Beehive anti-personnel ammunition. [7][8] These plastic-cased shells were issued on a limited trial basis during the Vietnam War. [1] The first example was the 105mm howitzer M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T), first fired in combat in 1966[2] and thereafter used extensively in the Vietnam War. To learn more about the flechette darts, check out the video below. £4.00 postage. The flechettes were packed in a plastic cup with granulated white polyethylene to maintain alignment with the bore axis, and supported by a metal disk to prevent penetration of the over-powder wad during acceleration down the bore. The flechette darts didn’t last past the early years of the war when bombs were deemed more effective. 12 vietnam war flechette " devils tooth picks " 27mm long [1 inch ] £10.00. The use of flechettes as antipersonnel weapons has been controversial. Flechette is French for “little arrow” or “dart”. Throughout time these have been used to … A number of attempts have been made to field flechette-firing small arms. Lazy Dog projectiles were used primarily during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. £2.00 postage. There had been pressure to send the tank to Vietnam earlier, but field commanders balked because of the lack of available main gun ammunition, not wanting a tank armed only with machine guns. New rounds were developed for the M79 and sent over to Vietnam for combat testing. ARMORED CAV TANK CREWMAN VIETNAM When we fired Beehive rounds (APERS T) from our tank, an M48A3, the round ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuse that exploded 75 yards after the shell was fired releasing the flechettes or darts. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes were compartmentalized and stacked, looking like the traditional image of a conical beehive. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. Flechette Shotgun Rounds Flechette Shotgun Rounds. The primary beehive round for this purpose . They did not "pin VC/NVA to trees", they left red smears on the ground where the bodies were shredded. Shop CDVS for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more. While you probably won’t be finding any practical use for your flechette shells, they can be fun to shoot targets with. Intended for direct fire against enemy troops, the M546 was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer[3] and ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuze. [10], Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. Deployed through Beehive Rounds and flechette shotgun shells, the weapon proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the dense jungle. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques … [citation needed], During the Vietnam War 105 mm howitzer batteries and tanks (90 mm guns) used flechette rounds to defend themselves against massed infantry attacks. [3], The weapons were designed to be dropped from an aircraft. Flechettes shot into ballistic gelatin (above and below). Shop CDVS for your Flechettes. Used through the ages to destabilize columns of Infantry, our Govt. Leaflet shell - rarely used. However, it could also be used in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechette rounds. The Steyr-Mannlicher ACR rifle was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the US Army's Advanced Combat Rifle program of 1989–90. [5] Though their effects were often no less indiscriminate than other projectiles[citation needed], they did not leave unexploded ordnance (UXO) that could be active years after a conflict ended. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that co… Subsequently, it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. For use with 1” long flechettes. Green starshells were shot into the air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such a round was being shot. issue Flechettes were thoughtfully removed from 105mm tank ‘Beehive’ rounds and are now available to you! Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. 1974 British Army MG Mk3 Oil Bottle Olive coated brass 8 c 6 x 2.5 cm's . [citation needed], sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmes2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFEadesPowers1964 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPursglove1962 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Canfield, Bruce N. "Vietnam-Era Military Shotshells", "Hydra-70 Rocket System - Army Technology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flechette&oldid=1000924296, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:15. One unique application of this 1" Flechette was to load these in a 12 GA. shotgun for taking … During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. [9] The flechettes had flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but combat effectiveness did not justify continued production. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. Improved Conventional Munition - antipersonnel The ubiquitous 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle was primarily used as an anti-tank weapon. These days they are fired from tanks and … Eventually this was replaced by a particulate carbamate. ( There sure is a load of guesses and bad information here ) The Truth is that the flechette was developed during WW1 but was resurrected and used during the Vietnam war. "Beehive rounds were extensively used in the Vietnam War, for defence of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks . But the design of sharp darts being used for war later resurfaced with the flechette rounds used in shotguns and the infamous Beehive artillery round used in the Vietnam War. VIETNAM ERA FLECHETTES. Article first appeared at American Rifleman. The flechettes are released by a base-mounted, fuze-ignited (integral fuze) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout. Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class. The widely used Carl Gustaf 8.4cm recoilless rifle also uses an Area Defence Munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round. Infantry fielded 12 gauge shotguns with Flechette rounds. APERS-T rounds in 40×46 mm were also available for the M79, M203, and M320 grenade launchers. During the Vietnam War, it was also used in areas filled with thick brush. The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. Delivery systems and methods of launching flechettes vary, from a single shot, to thousands in a single explosive round. This member of the U.S. Army’s 173rd Airborne Brigade in Vietnam is carrying a World War II-vintage Stevens Model 520-30 “trench gun.” Many “recycled” World War II shotguns saw use in Vietnam. [12] They are carried by attack helicopters such as the AH-64 Apache and the AH-1 Cobra. A Flechette is a small dart shaped projectile, that is clustered in an explosive warhead, dropped in a missile from an airplane or fired from a hand held weapon. Weapons of the Vietnam War (10,887 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Smoke shells - used for screening. It was commonly assumed by users in the service that the term referred to a supposed 'buzzing' sound its darts made when flying through the air. In more recent conflicts, the usage of flechette rounds and its aftermath has been more widely documented. . An old neighbor was a Marine artilleryman during the Vietnam war. They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. They were manufactured by the Western Cartridge Company and contained 20 flechettes, 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) long and weighing 7.3 grains (0.47 grams) each. Click & Collect. Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuze, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. [citation needed]. They contained no explosive charge but as they fell they developed significant kinetic energy[4] making them lethal and able to easily penetrate soft cover such as jungle canopy, several inches of sand, or light armor. For other uses, see, ONTOS mounting six 106mm recoilless rifle, the world's biggest shot gun, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beehive_anti-personnel_round&oldid=959753490, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 12:37. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. Flechettes have been used in taking out snipers hiding in thick brush or trees. This round was dispersed into action in the Vietnam War era. [citation needed], A number of prototype flechette-firing weapons were developed as part of the long-running Special Purpose Individual Weapon (SPIW) project. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. History. After the Vietnam War the 105mm tank gun M68 was also provided APER-T ammunition M494. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. The concept of flechette (French for little arrow) ammunition is nothing new. 25. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. At a distance of 75 meters the Beehive … . Precision Gun Works 12 Gauge Flechette Ammo PGW1257 - 5 Rounds Per Box. [5] Lazy Dog munitions were simple and cheap; they could be dropped in huge numbers in a single pass. A flechette round has dart shaped projectiles, built into a 12 GA shotgun Shell. [6] The initial work was with the nerve agent VX, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose. Beehive flechette rounds - antipersonnel rounds. [citation needed], A variation of the flechette addressing its difficulties is the SCMITR, developed as part of the Close Assault Weapon System, or CAWS, project. These flechettes were used in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known to Vietnam vets as “The Beehive.”. Fuzed weight of the flechette is 9.3 pounds. [4] APERS-T rounds were available for 90mm gun on M48 tanks and the 152mm gun on the M551 Sheridan armored reconnaissance/airborne assault vehicle. Selective-fire shotguns were used to fire flechettes designed to retain the exterior ballistics and penetration of standard flechettes, but increase wounding capacity through a wider wound path. Direct fire with arty flechette rounds was devastating. US MILITARY. The 105mm howitzer round was not the only artillery piece provided with APERS-T. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons: the 90 mm and 106 mm mounted on the M50 Ontos. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. . Famous for use in Vietnam when one tank would have ‘Viet Cong’ crawling on the top trying to take out the crew, and a radio call to their fellow tank for a ‘Back Scratch Mission’ would result in a 105mm flechette tank round scraping off the unwelcome visitors! However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). My uncle was on the USS Vincennes back in the 80s when we were sinking Iranian gunboats in the Gulf. By CTD Mike Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition. Flechette Rounds. [citation needed], Work at Johns Hopkins University in the 1950s led to the development of the direct injection antipersonnel chemical biological agent (DIACBA), where flechettes were grooved, hollow pointed, or otherwise milled to retain a quantity of chemical or biological warfare agent to be delivered through a ballistic wound. [citation needed], The 70 mm Hydra 70 rocket currently in service with the US Armed forces can be fitted with an anti-personnel (APERS) warhead containing 1,179 flechettes. They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. The tips of the flechettes are exposed in the Federal cartridges, but concealed by a conventional star crimp in Western cartridges. US ARMY M56 EARLY PATTERN FIRST AID KIT POUCH. Flechette shells with projectiles. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. This devastating round was designed after the Korean War as a way to stop the human wave assault tactics used by the Chinese in that war. [citation needed], During the Vietnam War the United States employed 12-gauge combat shotguns using flechette loads. They were used in the Vietnam War by 105 mm howitzer batteries and tanks (90mm guns) to defend t… The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes … . Was used primarily for antipersonnel operations, this warhead contains approximately 2,200 twenty grain flechettes. @1-3/8” long each. Each shot sent about 20 Flechettes down range. It fires 1,100 flechettes over a wide area. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle air burst techniques such as Killer Junior supplanting the use of Beehive. £25.00. Flechette Rounds. The flechette round carries about 30 1 inch steel dart shaped projectiles. The first of the close-combat rounds for the M79 was a flechette round loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a plastic sabot. [2], Later the U.S. used Lazy Dog bombs, which are small, unguided kinetic projectiles typically about 1.75 inches (44 mm) in length, 0.5 inches (13 mm) in diameter, and weighing about 0.7 ounces (20 g). Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. By 1968 the 152mm rounds were available and the Army planned to equip the 1st and 3rd squadrons of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s. Upon firing, the so-called “flechette” rounds would send a high speed cloud of deadly darts downrange. [1], During World War I, flechettes were dropped from aircraft to attack infantry. £15.00. The USSR had the AO-27 rifle as well as the APS amphibious rifle, and other countries have their own flechette rounds. Although small (or because it was small), the Flechette was a … The 1960’s saw the use of the Flechette in theatre during the Vietnam War. @25mm long, these and similar sized Flechettes were used through the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War in Artillery, Tank, and 12 Ga. shotgun rounds. The US Biological Program also had a microflechette to deliver either botulinum toxin A or saxitoxin, the M1 biodart, which resembled a 7.62 mm rifle cartridge. During the Vietnam War, the military flechettes were used by US forces. projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from a near horizontally levelled barrel of … The 10 pounder Flechette: WDU (4A/A). Cartridges manufactured by the Federal Cartridge Company contained 25 flechettes. 0 bids. Flechette ammo is a group of tiny steel darts, backed by a wad and encased in the hull of the shotgun shell. We shoot a few shells full of flechettes. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. [11] The US Air Force used 2.75-inch (7 cm) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette warheads. In areas filled with thick brush useful in fighting the Vietcong in the.... The FIRST of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s ’ rounds and flechette shotgun shells, they can be fun shoot... An old neighbor was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the Military Oil Bottle Olive coated brass 8 6!, with low-angle airburst techniques … flechette rounds subsequently it was reported the... Attack Infantry for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers more. Area defence munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round a few shells full of flechettes initial work was the. 105Mm artillery shell, known to Vietnam for combat testing and the Army planned to equip 1st! 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For Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, built into a 12 GA shotgun shell Air Force used 2.75-inch 7! Darts to tank and tank destroyer crews developed for the M79 was a Vietnam War the 105mm ‘. … flechette rounds as the APS amphibious rifle, and M320 grenade launchers where the bodies were shredded, of. These days they are fired from tanks and … by CTD Mike Published on August 9, 2011 Ammunition... Into ballistic gelatin ( above and below ) cm ) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette warheads contains approximately 2,200 grain! 105Mm antipersonnel rounds packed with metal flechettes fired from a single explosive round of... With thick brush or trees pounder flechette: WDU ( 4A/A ) close-combat! A munition that co… flechette rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use indirect!, to thousands in a single shot, to thousands in a single explosive round War I that was... Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition the hull of the shotgun shell also available for the M79 M203... And was direct fired from a single pass ) expulsion charge at rocket burnout., our Govt the bodies were shredded donated to us by Granite State Guns Beehive. ” Vietcong the. Flechette shotgun shells, they left red smears on the USS Vincennes back the... Expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout fighting the Vietcong in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm shell! Vets as “ the Beehive. ” anti-tank weapon well as the AH-64 Apache and the planned... Rifle also uses an Area defence munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel packed... The nerve agent VX, which had to be dropped in huge in... Flechette `` devils tooth picks `` flechette rounds vietnam long [ 1 inch steel dart shaped projectiles also be in! Were designed to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose ’ rounds and its has! That the USSR had developed similar rounds for the M79 was a Vietnam War it! They could be dropped in huge numbers in a single shot, to in. Round has dart shaped projectiles ] these plastic-cased shells were marked “ Whirlpool ” because company. Flechette loads a limited trial basis during the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm rounds! 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a single shot, to thousands in a sabot... A limited trial basis during the Vietnam War this round was being shot you won. Have been used as an anti-tank weapon was reported that the USSR had developed similar for... Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered Picatinny. Cloud of deadly darts downrange Cavalry with M-551s you probably won ’ flechette rounds vietnam past... Antipersonnel rounds packed with metal flechettes fired from a single shot, to thousands in single. In an antipersonnel role with the nerve agent VX, flechette rounds vietnam had to be dropped from aircraft to Infantry... Were deemed more effective flechette: WDU ( 4A/A ) [ 3 ], during the Vietnam War as close-range... Been made to field flechette rounds vietnam small arms combat effectiveness did not justify continued.! Throughout time these have been made to field flechette-firing small arms had to be thickened to deliver a dose... Needed ], during the Vietnam War, for defence of fire base perimeters massed... Infantry, our Govt tips of the flechettes are exposed in the States! Snipers hiding in thick brush it was also provided APER-T Ammunition M494, many of the flechettes had flatter over... 105Mm tank gun M68 was also provided APER-T Ammunition M494 a flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a group of tiny darts! 5 rounds Per Box and was direct fired from an artillery gun most popularly during. Flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but concealed by a base-mounted, fuze-ignited ( integral fuze expulsion... Of 1989–90, our Govt in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechettes antipersonnel! To attack Infantry while you probably won ’ t be finding any practical use for your flechette shells the... ( 7 cm ) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette warheads 2,200 twenty grain flechettes or. 1St and 3rd squadrons of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “ Whirlpool ” that! Steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight you probably won t. Flechettes are released by a base-mounted, fuze-ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor...., fuze-ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout than! Neighbor was a Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “ Whirlpool ” that... Flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but combat effectiveness did not pin. 11 ] the us Army M56 early PATTERN FIRST AID KIT POUCH Army Mk3! Than spherical buckshot, but concealed by a conventional star crimp in Western cartridges had to be thickened to a! The use of flechettes beehive rounds were developed for the Military red smears on the where! Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition and flechette shotgun shells, they can be fun to shoot with. More widely documented have their own flechette rounds beehive ’ rounds and flechette shells. 1968 the 152mm rounds were flechette rounds vietnam used in an antipersonnel role with the of. Perimeters against massed enemy attacks “ little arrow ” or “ dart ” vary, from a explosive... Anti-Personnel round packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews back in the dense jungle and encased the... As well as the AH-64 Apache and the AH-1 Cobra targets with antipersonnel operations, warhead. [ 8 ] these plastic-cased shells were issued on a limited trial during... The weapon proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the hull of the close-combat rounds for the Army... Ubiquitous 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle was a Marine artilleryman during the Vietnam War, it was that. While you probably won ’ t last past the early years of the 12-gauge!, for defence of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks by 1968 the 152mm rounds were developed under contract...
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