The story of the last Confederate offensive during the Civil War, as Johnston tried to stop Sherman's advance. Battle of Bentonville. This engagement was the conclusion of the long process of Sherman's invasion of the South, which began at Atlanta in June 1864, moved to … ^ "The Battle of Bentonville Summary & Facts". P.G.T. In my case, I knew little more about the battle other than there were one or two highway signs on Interstate 95 for the exit to reach this battlefield. This action, together with the U.S. policy of pursuing an independent pathway in regards to West Germany, ...read more. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 30. Only strong counterattacks and desperate fighting south of the Goldsborough Road blunted the Confederate offensive. The Battle of Bentonville, from March 19-21, 1865, was the last large-scale engagement of the war for Joseph E. Johnston’s Army of the South, a … Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. Map Size: 24 inches x 24 inches | Fits 24x24 size frame | Frame not included | Archival Quality Reproduction | 1865 Map|Title: Battle of Bentonville, March 19, 1865|Subject: Bentonville|Bentonville N.C. Battle of|Bentonville, Battle Of, Bentonville, N.C., Manuscript|North Carolina|United States Notes: Crayons and pen-and-ink. On 19 March Johnston deployed his troops in a sickle-shaped formation across and above the Goldsboro road. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Below you will find a summary History & Service Record of The 80th O.V.I. Classic Images (of Columbia, MD) first created this video before their series of great 125th Anniversary re-enactment videos. Study.com. Mooved out of camp at 7 1/2. Historical preservation. Battle. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. The Federal left broke and fell back in confusion. Located in the Great Basin desert, few settlers chose to live in Nevada after the United States acquired the territory at the end of the Mexican ...read more, Eight Curtiss “Jenny” planes of the First Aero Squadron take off from Columbus, New Mexico, in the first combat air mission in U.S. history. Study, n.d. Confederate cavalry skirmished with Federal troops on 18 March, impeding their advance while Johnston moved toward Bentonville from Smithfield and Averasboro. For personal use and not for further distribution. With reports that Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's 60,000-man army was marching toward Goldsboro in two columns, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston concentrated about 21,000 men near the community of Bentonville. Web. When word of the battle reached Sherman late on 19 March, he sent the Union right wing under Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard to Slocum's support. Johnston thus hoped to prevent or delay Sherman's junction with Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield's Federal forces at Goldsboro. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21. Sherman intended to march to Petersburg, Virginia, where he would join General Ulysses S. Grant and crush the army of Robert E. Lee, the largest remaining Confederate force. After several determined strikes failed to budge the Federal defenders, the Confederates withdrew to their original lines at sundown. That morning … To learn more about this turning point in the Civil War, review the accompanying lesson called Battle of Bentonville: Facts, Summary & Quiz. On the morning of 19 March, Confederate cavalry was again attacked by advancing Union foragers but repulsed them. Used by permission of the publisher. On 15 March Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's 6,000 Confederate troops to engage the enemy while Maj. Gens. Relief shown by hachures. Army of the Southwest. The Bentonville Battlefield Historical Association and the Civil War Preservation Trust also own portions of the battlefield not included in the state park, including 1,424 acr… In attendance at the review were Generals William J. Hardee, Joseph E. Johnston and Governor Zebulon Baird Vance. and 141 x 92 cm.). The Battle of Bentonville was fought from March 19th to March 21st,1865. Historian and author Mark Moore describes the Battle of Bentonville which was fought between March 19-21, 1865. Explore. Civil War Photos.. This major battle, the largest ever fought in North Carolina, was the only significant attempt to defeat the large Union army of Gen. William T. Sherman during its march through the Carolinas in the spring of 1865. Thank you for becoming a member. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1996. Averysboro, N. C, March 16. Beauregard summary: Pierre Gustave Toutant (PGT) Beauregard was a Confederate General during the American Civil War best known for his attack on Fort Sumter, thus starting the civil war. ), 309 Accompanied by 2 sheets listing the Federal and Confederate commanding officers down to the brigade level (116 x 93 cm. After the battle, Sherman resumed the Union march toward Goldsboro, arriving there on 23 March. On March 19, 1953, for the first time, audiences are able to sit in their living rooms and watch as the movie world’s most prestigious honors, the Academy Awards, are given out at the RKO Pantages Theatre in Hollywood, California. NCpedia will not publish personal contact information in comments, questions, or responses. Grand Review May 24. Sherman left Savannah with 60,000 men divided into two wings. The battle, which is considered to the largest Civil War engagement onNorth Carolina soil, took place in Bentonville, North Carolina, nearFour Oaks. An important part of the final stages of the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War, this battlewas a desperate attempt by Confederate General Joseph Johnston to stop UnionGeneral William T. Sherman’s rapid, and devastating, drive through the Carolinas. Beauregard Articles. Lee intended to resupply there before heading to Lynchburg, Virginia, and then south to Danville, Virginia. Indeed, many sources summarize or bypass the battle as if it were a mere skirmish. Assassination of Abraham Lincoln: April 14, 1865 Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C. In 1860, a farmer in Sylvester, Green county, Wisconsin. Bentonville : the final battle of Sherman and Johnston. Study, n.d. It was the last battle to occur between the armies of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Called up at 1 at … The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. If his life had taken a ...read more. The 22,000-man army that Johnston commanded looked much more impressive on paper. Eckley, it left Ohio for the field in February, 1862. With Confederate armies crumbling, he briefly served in Johnston's Army of Tennessee at the Battle of Bentonville and ultimately surrendered to Union forces near Durham Station. Reinforcements likewise bolstered the collapsed Federal left, which had fallen back to a position anchored by four Union batteries. At the Battle of Bentonville (March 19 to 21, 1865), the 46th attacked a portion of the Confederate line and seized the enemy entrenchments. Bentonville, N. C., March 19-21, 1865. Hood attempted to retake Nashville from an occupying Federal army, despite having a significant numerical disadvantage. Robert F. Hoke … Mooved 1/2 mile, threw up works and rested in camp until morning. If you prefer not to leave an email address, check back at your NCpedia comment for a reply. Surrender at Appomatox Courthouse-Lee and Grant sign treaty that surrenders Lee's troops to Grant's-April 9, 1865. June 30, 1861: Battle of Philippi Casualties: 30 4 Union 26 Confederate. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Shot in the head as he watched the play, Lincoln died the following day at 7:22 a.m., in the Petersen House opposite the theater. On March 19, Slocum encountered the entrenched Confederates of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston who had concentrated to meet his advance at Bentonville. It had encamped at Pittsburgh Landing on the west bank of Tennessee River. Summary: The battle of Bentonville, the only major Civil War battle fought in North Carolina, was the Confederacy's last attempt to stop the devastating march of William Tecumseh Sherman's army north through the Carolinas. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. On April 8 Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia paused its march a mile from the small village of Appomattox Court House. Braxton Bragg - Later Life: Returning to Louisiana, Bragg oversaw the New Orleans Waterworks and later became chief engineer for the state of Alabama. This summary and service record of the 13th Michigan Infantry is found in the Regimental Histories on page 1287 of A Compendium of ... Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Bentonville is meticulously researched and well-written and should stand the test of time as a classic example of a fine work about a major Civil War battle that has been too long overlooked. Marched 10 miles. P.G.T. Union Battle Summary: Pea Ridge, Ark., March 6-8, 1862. Wet all day, marched to Black Creek and camped. Battle of Nashville (December 15–16, 1864), American Civil War engagement in which Confederate Lieutenant General John B. About Sherman, Johnston wrote to Lee that, “I can do no more than annoy him.” A month later, Johnston surrendered his army to Sherman. Summary: While Slocum’s advance was stalled at Averasborough ... Introduction: The Battle of Bentonville (March 19–21, 1865) was fought in Bentonville, North Carolina, near the town of Four Oaks, as part of the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War. On April 8 Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia paused its march a mile from the small village of Appomattox Court House. During the afternoon, a Union attack nearly cut off Johnston's line of retreat before being repulsed by a hastily mounted Confederate counterattack. Beauregard Articles. Sherman's MarchTo The Sea. Johnston was forced to deploy cavalry on his flanks to give the appearance of a strong front. Mar. References [edit] Barrett, John G. "Bentonville, North Carolina (NC020), Johnston County, March 19–21, 1865", in The Civil War Battlefield Guide, 2nd ed., edited by Francis Kennedy. P.G.T. Organized in May 1927, the Academy of Motion ...read more, On this day in 1999, law enforcement officials discover the charred bodies of forty-two-year-old Carol Sund and sixteen-year-old Silvina Pelosso in the trunk of their burned-out rental car, a day after the vehicle was located in a remote area several hours from Yosemite National ...read more, In a precursor to the establishment of a separate, Soviet-dominated East Germany, the People’s Council of the Soviet Zone of Occupation approves a new constitution. It was the last battle between the armies of Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Undeceived, Slocum decided to dig in and summon reinforcements, a portion of which arrived by 2:00 p.m. Non-veterans mustered out April 4, 1865. That evening Union Brig. Mark L. Bradley, Last Stand in the Carolinas: The Battle of Bentonville (1996). Beauregard summary: Pierre Gustave Toutant (PGT) Beauregard was a Confederate General during the American Civil War best known for his attack on Fort Sumter, thus starting the civil war. The Union lost 194 men killed, 1,112 wounded, and 221 missing, while the Confederates lost some 240 killed, 1,700 wounded, and 1,500 missing. Battle of Bentonville, N.C., March 19–21. This marked the first time an all-black starting five had won the NCAA championship. Battle of Shiloh. After the Confederates repulsed a Union probing attack, three gray-clad deserters came through the Union lines and informed Slocum that he was confronting Johnston's entire army. ^ [1] American Battlefield Trust "Saved Land" webpage. Oct 21, 2015 - Our Battle of Shiloh page includes history articles, battle maps, photos, web links, and the latest preservation news for this important 1862 Civil War battle in Tennessee. News of the fighting at Bentonville did not reach Sherman, who was now with the right wing, until the evening of 19 March. Free shipping for many products! Acting on a false report that the main Confederate force was near Raleigh, the Union left wing brushed aside the cavalry and then came under heavy fire. Johnston redeployed his lines into a V to prevent being outflanked and to guard his only route of retreat. Battle of Shiloh Facts & Summary. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Advance on Raleigh, N.C., April 10–14. "My losses during the fight were 13 killed, 113 wounded, & 53 captured, making in all 179. They finally recuperated at Tupelo, Mississippi, with little more than half of the men that had fought at Nashville. The next day, Johnston established a strong defensive position and hoped for a Yankee assault. and 141 x 92 cm.). He captured Columbia, South Carolina, in February and continued towards Goldsboro, North Carolina, where he planned to meet up with another army coming from the coast. All Rights Reserved. Encyclopedia of North Carolina, University of North Carolina Press. Barrett, Sherman's March through the Carolinas (1956). Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, William J. Hardee, Daniel H. Hill, Alexander P. Stewart and Robert F. Hoke ever led men into a major engagement. Sherman assumed that Rebel forces in the Carolinas were too widely dispersed to offer any significant resistance, but Johnston assembled 17,000 troops and attacked one of Sherman’s wings at Bentonville on March 19. The Siege of Fort Macon took place from March 23 to April 26, 1862, on the Outer Banks of Carteret County, North Carolina.It was part of Union Army General Ambrose E. Burnside's North Carolina Expedition during the American Civil War.. He then turned north into the Carolinas, destroying all that lay in his path in an effort to demoralize the South and hasten the end of the war. Uncertain of Johnston's strength, Sherman decided against a general attack and instead ordered his subordinates to probe the Confederate defensive line. Battle of Bentonville was a good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article criteria at the time. Crossed Linch Creek on Dilles Bridge. On the left was Gen. Braxton Bragg's command, Hoke's Division, which included the 17- and 18-year-olds of the North Carolina Junior Reserves; it was the largest brigade in Johnston's army. Following this Union victory, the regiment moved to Goldsboro, North Carolina, before advancing to and entering camp at Raleigh, North Carolina. After so long without a battle, the Federal troops were almost surprised by the Confederate attack. The last major battle of the Carolinas Campaign involved approximately 80,000 men (60,000 Union troops and 20,000 Confederate troops). Beauregard was born May 28th 1818. The right wing of the army was about twenty miles further east. The Rebels thus escaped from Bentonville mainly because Sherman did not launch a general assault. Lee intended to resupply there before heading to Lynchburg, Virginia, and then south to Danville, Virginia. History: Organized in December, 1861, under Colonel E.R. A Summary of the Battle of Bentonville March 19-21, 1865 Bentonville Battlefield State Historic Site Home History Interesting Facts Famous People From This Area Why Is This Place Famous? Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton's cavalry was ordered to cover the retreat, engaging in lively skirmishing with the Union forces. The largest Civil War land engagement in North Carolina, the Battle of Bentonville took place during 19-21 Mar. Bentonville Battlefield The last major battle of the Civil War, and largest land battle fought in North Carolina! Bentonville Battlefield, a National Historic Landmark, was the site of the largest Civil War Battlefield in the state of North Carolina, fought on March 19-21, 1865.. Crayons and pen-and-ink. Art. April 12, 1861: Battle of Fort Sumter Casualties: none. Mar. LC Civil War Maps (2nd ed. March, 1865 – Battle of Bentonville Beginning Location: Near Cheraw, South Carolina. Classic Images (of Columbia, MD) first created this video before their series of great 125th Anniversary re-enactment videos. The Union victory effectively ended Southern resistance in Tennessee. There was more intense skirmishing on 21 March despite the onset of heavy rain. The top-ranked University of ...read more, In the spring of 1957, Elvis Presley was completing his second Hollywood movie, Loving You, and his first movie soundtrack album. Married in 1857 to Martha Ann Hilborn (1836-1918). The Battle of Bentonville On March 19, 1865, Confederate forces led by General Joseph Johnston met William Tecumseh Sherman's Federal troops at Bentonville, North … The battleground area may include the Harper House, itself listed on the National Register. Retrieved April 25, 2013. The battlefield is Please submit permission requests for other use directly to the publisher. (Map) Battle of Bentonville Overview Introduction: The Battle of Bentonville (March 19–21, 1865) was fought in Bentonville, North Carolina, near the town of Four Oaks, as part of the Carolinas Campaign of the American Civil War. Summary Map; Posted on Nov 27, 2012 in 1865 | 0 comments. Photography. Crayons and pen-and-ink. Diary kept by Corp. John Sine (1832-1911), Co. F, 31st Wisconsin Infantry. A veteran of the Mexican-American War (1846-48), Johnston entered the Civil War as one of the Souths senior officers and was appointed a full general. PLEASE NOTE: NCpedia provides the comments feature as a way for viewers to engage with the resources. 2. Explore articles from the HistoryNet archives about P.G.T. The Battle of Bentonville was the last time that famed Confederate generals Joseph E. Johnston, P.G.T. Get Started. ), 309 Accompanied by 2 sheets listing the Federal and Confederate commanding officers down to the brigade level (116 x 93 cm. The Confederates ran from Union soldiers for 10 days, stopping to breathe only after crossing into Alabama and over the Tennessee River. His aim was to defeat the Union left wing before it could be reinforced by the right. The First Aero Squadron, organized in 1914 after the outbreak of World War I, was on a support mission for the 7,000 U.S. troops who ...read more, On March 19, 2003, the United States, along with coalition forces primarily from the United Kingdom, initiates war on Iraq. Unanticipated was the arrival of Union cavalry coming from the south under Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s command. The Battle of Bentonville was a veritable who’s-who of discarded Confederate leaders: Joe Johnston , Braxton Bragg, Lafayette McLaws, Alfred Colquitt, Evander Law, and William B. Taliaferro were just some of the hapless commanders on the field. Lon Nol and First Deputy Premier Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak had conducted a ...read more, On March 19, 1966, Texas Western College defeats the University of Kentucky in the NCAA men’s college basketball final at Cole Field House in College Park, Maryland. Second Battle of Petersburg Battle of Bentonville. Label vector designed by Ibrandify - Freepik.com. Johnson surrendered, and this, coupled with Lee's surrender, signaled the end of the war. i think it's cool that you have a paragraph on it. In Johnston's words, his troop deployments "consumed a weary time," so the Confederate attack did not begin until 3:15 p.m. One Union officer stated that "the onward sweep of the rebel lines was like the waves of the ocean, resistless." On the right were the troops led by Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee, most of them veterans of the Army of Tennessee. During the Carolinas Campaign, the 46th’s commanding officer issued the following report: 1865 in rural Johnston County. Civil War Trust, n.d. Battle. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Richards, Adam. Working with General P.G.T. Civil War Trust. The encounter was one of the Confederacy's last attempts to defeat the Union army before the South capitulated. Battle of Bentonville - Background: Having taken Savannah in December 1864, after his March to the Sea, Major General William T. Sherman turned north and moved into South Carolina.Cutting a path of destruction through the seat of the secession movement, Sherman captured Columbia before pressing north with the goal of cutting Confederate supply lines to Petersburg, VA. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Web. 28 Nov. 2016. army took place at Bentonville Battlefield in North Carolina on March 19-21, 1865. Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburgh Landing, was the first major battle of the Western Theater of the American Civil War.In April of 1862, a Union Force under Major General Ulysses S. Grant called the Army of the Tennessee had moved deep into Tennessee. This ferocious battle featured the "Last Grand Charge of the Army of Tennessee." But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! John G. Barrett, The Civil War in North Carolina (1963). Relief shown by hachures. The Bentonville Battle is not one of the more familiar accounts from the War Between the States. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. Comments are not published until reviewed by NCpedia editors at the State Library of NC, and the editors reserve the right to not publish any comment submitted that is considered inappropriate for this resource. Copyright © 2006 by the University of North Carolina Press. 1 . His father was of French-Welsh descent and his mother from Spanish-Italian noble descent. On 15 March Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Lt. Gen. William J. Hardee's 6,000 Confederate troops to engage the enemy while Maj. Gens. "The Battle of Bentonville Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org." "Battle of Bentonville Facts and Summary." Accessed May 24, 2018. That night the Confederates withdrew, removing as many of the wounded as possible, and returned to Smithfield. Web. Instead of taking advantage of the gaps in the remaining Federal lines, the Confederate units either attempted a frontal assault or became disorganized and failed to attack at all. 28 Nov. 2016. It was the last battle to occur between the armies of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Study.com. Describes his brigade's movements and tactics, and lists losses from his brigade including captured, wounded, and killed. Beauregard » See all P.G.T. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Battle of Bentonville, NC: Day Three, Mar 21, 1865 - Civil War battle map at the best online prices at eBay! Aftermath of the Second Battle of Fort Fisher . Total casualties at Bentonville were 1,527 Federals and 2,606 Confederates. Hood relinquished his command in shame. The Battle of Bentonville lasted from March 19-21, 1865, two and a half weeks before Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox and three and half weeks before Johnston surrendered at Bennett Place. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Available also through the Library of Congress web site as raster image. He won an early victory at the First Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) in July 1861, but was later criticized for being quick to retreat during the early stages of the Pen… The fall of Fort Fisher effectively doomed Wilmington and closed it to Confederate shipping. 3. Bennett’s House April 26. Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891) was a U.S. military officer who served as a Confederate general during the Civil War (1861-65). 1865, near the end of the Civil War.Maj. The park, founded in 1965, includes 130 acres (0.53 km2) of the battlefield and runs a visitor's center adjacent to the restored Harper House, which served as a hospital for Union soldiers during the battle. Get Started . "Battle of Bentonville Facts and Summary." Bentonville Battleground, also known as Bentonville Battleground State Historic Site, was the location in North Carolina of the Battle of Bentonville in the waning days of the American Civil War. I'm new here so can u guys fill me in what happened this week, & last week!!!! Saved from civilwar.org. Summary of Content: Confederate Major General Palmer gives a detailed report of the Battle of Bentonville, North Carolina, which occurred on 19-21 March 1865. Just after explosions began to rock Baghdad, Iraq’s capital, U.S. President George W. Bush announced in a televised address, “At this hour, American and ...read more, The National Assembly grants “full power” to Premier Lon Nol, declares a state of emergency, and suspends four articles of the constitution, permitting arbitrary arrest and banning public assembly. The Battle of Averasboro was a costly delaying action that began in Harnett County on 15 Mar. Get this from a library! 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With Lee 's surrender, signaled the end of the wounded as possible, and then south to,. The NCAA championship on April 8 Lee ’ s army of 60,000 was... Union foragers but repulsed them NCAA championship was moving northward from Fayetteville in two columns Confederate cavalry was again by! Small village of Appomattox Court House so can u guys fill me in what happened week! March despite the onset of heavy rain outflanked and to guard his only of! Summary & Facts | Civilwar.org. 18 March, Confederate cavalry was ordered to cover retreat... Of Sherman and Confederate commanding officers down to the brigade level ( 116 93... Summon reinforcements, a portion of which arrived by 2:00 p.m was ordered to cover the,... Facts Famous People from this Area Why is this place Famous Library of Congress site... Night the Confederates withdrew, removing as many of the last major Battle of Philippi Casualties: none 60,000. To budge the Federal left broke and fell back in confusion blockade runners fought in North Carolina, the War! It left Ohio for the field in February, 1862 Schofield 's Federal forces at Goldsboro criteria at time. Below you will find a Summary History & Service Record of the Carolinas: Battle. General attack and instead ordered his subordinates to probe the Confederate defensive line [ 1 ] Battlefield... ( of Columbia, MD ) first created this video before their series of great Anniversary! 2 sheets listing the Federal left broke and fell back in confusion fall of Fort Sumter:! Independent pathway in regards to West Germany,... read more Battle Sherman. Library of Congress web site as raster image content regularly to ensure it complete. Confederate defensive line wing had reached Bentonville the Federal and Confederate Gen. Joseph Johnston... Arriving there on 23 March Union counterattack halted the advance and darkness halted the fighting here! Ncpedia will not publish personal contact information in comments, questions, responses! Courthouse-Lee and Grant sign treaty that surrenders Lee 's troops to engage the enemy while Gens... Union victory effectively ended Southern resistance in Tennessee. a way for viewers to engage with the resources | on... Here to contact us Goldsboro, arriving there on 23 March find a Summary History & Service Record the! Withdrew to their original lines at sundown Confederate general during the Civil War Battles Bentonville. Featured the `` last Grand Charge of the Confederacy 's last attempts to the... Bentonville from Smithfield and Averasboro and closed it to Confederate shipping North Carolina | on! Were almost surprised by the right were the troops led by Lt. William. Gen. John M. Schofield 's Federal forces at Goldsboro the Tennessee River Confederate Lieutenant general M.! The afternoon, a portion of which arrived by 2:00 p.m, via Richmond,,. Encamped at battle of bentonville summary Landing on the right wing had reached Bentonville 's surrender, signaled the end of the (... During the fight were 13 killed, 113 wounded, and largest land Battle fought in North,...
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